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North America/LED products into China's largest export region How much do you know about laws and regulations instruction?

Edit: Shaoxing Xinshan Science Technology Co.,Ltd   Date:Feb 05, 2017



LED products as a new generation of green lighting up for the application of the world, and at the same time as the recovery of global economy and the development of LED industry in China, China's semiconductor lighting industry continues to grow, which LED general lighting market development is still the main driving force.


China LED lighting products are exported to present a blossoming in overseas markets, export region structure more balanced. Among them, the north American and European market as our LED products export of two of the biggest areas, but the LED products in the two regions and regulations instruction requirements have different degree of difference, how to conform to the requirements of the two regulations and market demand has become China's manufacturers focus.


The United States, Canada entry requirements


Export LED lamps and lanterns of the north American market products also need to conform to the regulations of electrical safety, emc, energy efficiency, and chemical testing requirements; But these requirements with the eu directive requires different degrees of differences:


A. electrical safety testing


The U.S. department of labor's occupational safety and health administration (OSHA) requires the product must be used in the workplace (NRTL) approved by the national laboratory testing and certification to ensure the personal safety of users, so most of the electrical products must comply with the NRTL mark into the us market.


OSHA is authorized the international certification body as NRTL a releasing authority shall, in accordance with the applicable product standards for testing and certification; For the Canadian market, sold in Canada, or imported into Canada electrical products must be validated, test must be approved by Canadian standards committee (SCC) laboratory.


Differ from that of the lamps and lanterns of north American standard and the IEC, and the electrical safety testing of North America do not need to consider the requirements of the EMF. The lamps and lanterns of north American standards are typically installed in accordance with the purposes and used to determine the scope of the standard.




Example: fixed installation of ceiling lamp, embedded dome light and other applicable standards are ANSI/UL 1598 and CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 250.0, such as the lamps and lanterns is using LED light source, certification need extra consider ANSI/UL and CSA C22.2 No. 8750, 250.13; Such as electronic power supply with built-in LED lamps and lanterns, in addition to the pass the lamps and lanterns series of standard test, its built-in electronic power supply circuit should also accord with the requirement of UL1310 or UL60950-1.



B. the energy efficiency test


Some parts of the United States to obtain the energy star or DLC certification product of lamps and lanterns also provide different levels of fiscal subsidies; America's current energy efficiency test LED bulbs and lamps and lanterns are mainly concentrated in the LED lamps and lanterns of DLC and energy star, Lighting Factslabel, they belong to voluntary requirements, the U.S. federal minimum energy efficiency requirements (DOE) is not yet the LED bulbs and LED lamps and lanterns is incorporated into the control range. But in California, portable LED lamps and lanterns must satisfy the specific requirements of California energy consumption.



01

ENERGYSTAR energy star certification of energy efficiency



ENERGY STAR ENERGY STAR logo is by the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency, EPA) and the department of ENERGY (Departmentof ENERGY, DOE) together to create, to guarantee the efficiency of pipe listed products conform to the requirements of the regulations, but its for the voluntary testing certification.


At present for LED bulbs products, energy star Lampsprogram V1.1 V2.0 can be adopted, and the latest version but on January 2, 2017, must adopt Lampsprogram V2.0; For LED lighting products, energy star testing requirements version Luminaire program V2.0 has formally take effect June 1, 2016.


Applicable LED bulbs mainly has three kinds: the directional light, a directional light and non light. Energy star for related photoelectric parameters of LED lights, flash frequency and lumen maintenance and life have strict requirements, reference LM - 79 test method, two standard LM - 80.


In the new rules of the energy star light bulb LampV2.0, greatly improved the bulb light efficiency requirements, broaden the scope of the product performance and, increased energy efficiency and performance of the classification level. The EPA will continue to focus on the power factor, dimmer, flashing, accelerated aging and connectivity products.


02

Lighting Facts Label certification of energy efficiency


It is the United States department of energy (DOE) announced the implementation of voluntary energy efficiency label project, at present only for LED lighting products, it was meant to "difference them the Facts", in order to make lighting products to achieve more specific data and credibility higher request, disclosure from five aspects: this product is real performance parameters, initial photosynthetic efficiency lm/W, lumen lm input power W, CCTS correlated color temperature, color rendering index CRI.


LED lamps and lanterns product scope for the project are: ac mains or dc power supply complete lamps and lanterns, low voltage ac or dc 12 v lamps and lanterns, separable power LED lamps and lanterns, linear or modularization product.


03

DLC certification of energy efficiency



DLC is The full name of "The Design towns Consortium". Northeastern Energy Efficiency cooperation organization (Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships, NEEP) launched a voluntary Energy Efficiency certification program, DLC certification product catalog is used to in the United States has not yet been "Energy star" (ENERGYSTAR) standard cover high performance LED lamps and lanterns of promotion.


The latest version of the DLC technical requirements form is V4.0 execution on September 1, 2016 edition, it involves lighting products are mainly focused on commercial and industrial building outdoor LED lamps and lanterns, such as outdoor wall lamp, lamp, mining lamp, garage outdoor LED lamps and lighting products, such as LED bulb.


Its main performance requirements for the product: the total luminous flux, band of luminous flux, luminous efficacy, color temperature, color rendering index, optic maintenance ratio, power factor, harmonic distortion. DLC certification requirements products must by NVLAP endorsed third party lab for testing and issue a report.



04

The FTC energy efficiency labeling


According to the law requires the federal trade commission FTC, LED lamp to enter the United States market sales need to put in packing box and light body energy Label, to the public disclosure of annual electricity consumption, the product information such as service life, the FTC energy efficiency labeling and the Lighting Facts Label Label similar, but the FTC energy efficiency labeling is required. See FTCenergyguidelabel demand regulation: 16 cfr305.

05

California energy efficiency requirements


In order to improve the Efficiency of electricity product, the California Energy Commission (California Energy appointed in December 30, 2005, in accordance with the implementation of electrical Energy Efficiency regulations, Appliance Efficiency Regulation). A total of more than 20 products products to enter the United States, California must abide by the regulations for the energy efficiency and use efficiency.


At present the latest request is issued in October 2015 to perform the CEC of laws and regulations. In view of the product of lamps and lanterns, portable LED lamps and lanterns must meet CEC efficiency requirements of energy efficiency can enter California regional sales, and testing must be done in CEC approved laboratories.

06

Canada's energy efficiency test requirements


Products for lamps and lanterns, the mandatory energy efficiency requirements NRCan Canada has control of general fluorescent lamp, common incandescent reflector lamp, lamp products, but at present there is no mandatory requirements of energy efficiency of lamps and lanterns of LED light products.


C.F CC/so-called ICES test requirements


The FCC is the United States federal law for telecommunications products of the upper limit value of radio disturbance (EMI) characteristic of compulsory certification, but not with EMS (radio interference) test requirements; LED lamps and lanterns, the FCC certification test and the European Union CE of electromagnetic compatibility EMC certification test in bigger difference.


FCC authentication way into Verification (self Certification), Declarationof Conformity (announcement declared) and Certification (Certification) three models, what authentication way, depends on the type of the product, such as LED panel light products FCC test standard for the FCC 47 CFR part 15 b, authentication type: Verification.


Need to pay attention to, LED lamps and lanterns of FCC certification is divided into Class A (LED lamps and lanterns) used in the industrial, commercial environment and the Class B (resident environment use LED lamps and lanterns) two kinds, the test limit of two kinds of completely different, CE certification of radio disturbance test is only one kind of limit standard, limit and is similar to A Class B in the FCC, more than A 9 k - 30 MHZ electromagnetic radiation test.


Canada for electrical products also made the electromagnetic compatibility of mandatory requirements, referred to as "so-called ICES, Canada's Industry (Industry Canada) one of the compulsory certification, the standard of LED lamp products is so-called ICES - 005, and the basic requirements and FCCpart15B consistent, but radiation testing extended to 1000 MHZ. Since December 1, 2016, the so-called ICES - 005 issue4 formal implementation, Canada will no longer accept ICES005.


2

The eu regulations


In Europe, due to the policy of banning sales of incandescent lamp, LED lighting lamps and lanterns of demand is expected to gradually increase. In addition, a variety of fields including automotive, outdoor and the application fields such as adornment, as well as the use of LED lighting lamps and lanterns in the interior will also be a surge in demand, accord with the eu regulations entry requirements has become Chinese manufacturers face challenges.


According to the law commission, lamps and lanterns and similar products sold in Europe must be labeled with CE label, so need to mark for CE products, must comply with the eu electrical safety of the product of lamps and lanterns, EMC, chemicals, energy and energy efficiency labeling instruction requirement as follows:




A. electrical safety testing


Low Voltage Directive (Low Voltage Directive, LVD) for all access to the eu established the safety requirements of the overall Low Voltage products, belong to the semiconductor lighting products, as defined by the Low Voltage products, so it must be under the direction of Low Voltage specification. Different corresponding test standard LED lighting products vary, the following table:


B. electromagnetic compatibility test


In accordance with the requirements of EU directive 2014/30 / EU, cell compatibility test includes two aspects: electromagnetic interference (EMI) and electromagnetic tolerance (EMS), the former is mainly characterized by conduction and radiation, while the latter mainly consider products such as electrostatic discharge, radiation, pulse train, surge, conducted interference resistance ability, namely the anti-interference test. The main test standard for: EN55015; EN61547 and EN61000-3-2 power harmonic, EN61000-3-3 power supply requirements.


C.E RP instruction


For LED lighting products, ERP directive requires leds and control devices need to meet the following requirements:


Energy consumption requirements: lamps and lanterns is the biggest energy efficiency index EEI; The no-load power control device, standby power, as well as the load efficiency;


Leds are functional test requirements: the survival rate of 6000 h lamp and lumen maintenance ratio; Number of failure before the switch; Start time; 95% lumens rise time; Premature failure rate; Color rendering index; Color tolerance () to the requirement of color consistency; Power factor PF. But now the ERP and have no claim on the LED flash frequency;


Product information as well as the energy efficiency labeling requirements: mark luminous flux, nominal life, color temperature, etc. Detailed requirements limit please reference implementation rules (EUNO. 1194/2012; NO. 874/2012).


LED lighting products to meet the electrical safety, EMC, ERP, chemical Rosh, Reach, and electronic scrap recycling directive requirements can mark for CE, LED bulbs and lamps and lanterns also need according to the energy efficiency labeling, according to the measured data of energy consumption with energy efficiency labeling.


3

conclusion


In LED products detection, in addition to the common electrical, energy efficiency, electromagnetic compatibility test, such as outside force, both European and north American market, more and more buyers pay attention to the LED lamps and lanterns of some voluntary product certification and performance tests, such as the European market recognized GS certificate, the DLC (Design towns Consortium), Lighting Facts, test certification column names, etc.


In addition, the special optical properties of some LED products also more and more taken seriously by the buyer, such as the stroboscopic validation, spectral measurement, color consistency, and color rendering index (CRI, LED aging test, the energy conversion efficiency, luminous flux, such as Angle range performance requirements.


So in the face of an increasingly competitive European and American markets, in addition to conform to the compulsory certification test, the extra performance often makes its products in many similar products are more likely to stand out from the crowd.